ASA 124th Meeting New Orleans 1992 October

3pBV1. Strain measurements inside solids subjected to lithotripter pulses.

S. M. Gracewski

Girish Dahake

Zhong Ding

S. J. Burns

Mech. Eng. Dept., Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627

E. Carr Everbach

Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627

To study the direct stress wave effects on the fragmentation of kidney stones or gallstones during lithotripsy, it is important to know the evolution of the stress state inside concretions subjected to lithotripter pulses. Knowledge of these stress fields can be used, along with measurements of the mechanical properties of the stone, to predict locations and modes of failure. A technique of implanting monocrystalline silicon strain gauges within plaster concretions to obtain information about these internal stress fields was developed. Concretions of simple geometries, i.e., disks and spheres, were chosen for this initial study so that the reflections from the boundaries can be more easily identified and compared with theoretical models. Experimental results were obtained for both spherically diverging and focused shock wave sources. Theoretical models based on geometrical acoustics were developed for a spherical wave front incident on a disk and on a sphere. Predictions from these models match well with the experimental results. In addition, the caustic surfaces for a spherically diverging wave incident on a sphere are present. [Work supported by NIH Grant No. DK39796.]