ASA 124th Meeting New Orleans 1992 October

4aPP4. Human cochlear traveling wave delays in normal and impaired ears.

Barry P. Kimberley

Anya Lee

Dept. of Surgery, Univ. of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr. NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada

David Brown

Jos Eggermont

Univ. of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada

Previous work using electrocochleographic measures [J. J. Eggermont, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 65, 463--470 (1979)] suggested that human cochlear traveling wave velocities were often increased in ears with cochlear loss. A new method to measure cochlear delays using DPE phase responses has been developed [Kimberley et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (to be published)]. This method relies on more purely cochlear responses in comparison with previous techniques. The method is also rapid and noninvasive. Cochlear traveling wave delays were estimated using the phase responses of distortion product emissions associated with f2 frequencies ranging from 10 kHz to 700 Hz. Frequency-specific delay comparisons were made between two groups, namely 21 young adults (42 ears) with normal hearing and 20 adults (40 ears) with mild/moderate high-frequency hearing losses (30--50 dB HL) at two or more audiometric frequencies. The effect of frequency-specific cochlear hearing loss on traveling wave delays are analyzed and compared with the results previously obtained by Eggermont using electrocochleographic techniques. [Work supported by the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research.]