Ching-Sang Chiu James H. Miller
Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943
Guoliang Jin Douglas Ray James Lynch
Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., Woods Hole, MA 02543
In August 1992, a coastal ocean tomography experiment was conducted in the Barents Sea over the steep northwestern slope of the Bear Island Trough, about 100 km east of Bear Island. The oceanographic objective of the experiment was to study the dynamics of the polar front and its vicinity using both acoustic tomography and traditional hydrographic techniques. The acoustic objective was to study the effects of the front and other coastal oceanography on the acoustic propagation. These objectives are strongly coupled, in that to effectively perform an inverse for the ocean features, one must first obtain a good understanding of the ``forward problem.'' In this paper, the effect of the strong frontal interface is examined, including its corrugations (``interleaving'' features), internal tides, and internal waves on the observed acoustic propagation. Effects on both the modal and ray propagation pictures will be examined, using both theoretical predictions and experimental data.