ASA 125th Meeting Ottawa 1993 May

2pEA7. Piezoelectric composites of the 1--3 type used as underwater sound sources.

Wayne T. Reader

David F. Sauter

Vector Res. Co., Inc., Ste. 700, 2101 E. Jefferson St., Rockville, MD 20852

Piezoelectric composites with 1--3 connectivity used in the thickness mode have traditionally used a relatively rigid polymer as the matrix encapsulant to force uniform surface motion. Finite element analyses are employed to show that these rigid polymers constrain the piezoelectric rod motion sufficiently to reduce rod displacements by 50% or more. The magnitude of the reduction depends upon the ceramic volume fraction, the rod aspect ratio, rod spacing, and of course the stiffness of the matrix. Further, it has been shown [W. A. Smith, ONR Tech Note (31 May 1991)] that the hydrostatic response, rather than the thickness mode alone, controls the performance of 1--3 composites used as underwater sound sources. It is shown in this paper that efficient lightweight underwater sound sources can be produced by: (1) using lightweight rigid cap plates and a very compliant matrix polymer to produce uniform surface motion comparable to the motion of the unconstrained rod, and (2) using rigid edge strips bonded to the cap plates to prevent edge motion, thereby effectively limiting the transmitting response to the thickness mode. [Work supported by ONR.]