ASA 125th Meeting Ottawa 1993 May

3aEA6. Dual SAW sensor for the measurement of skin friction on structures exposed to turbulent fluid flow.

Xiao Qi Bao

Vasundara V. Varadan

Vijay K. Varadan

Dept. of Eng. Sci. and Mech., Res. Ctr. for the Eng. of Electron. and Acoust. Mater., Penn State Univ., University Park, PA 16802

A dual SAW sensor attached in cantilever fashion to a free-floating membrane flush mounted on a structure exposed to turbulent fluid flow are described. Shear stress on the membrane due to the flow conditions, deforms and bends the cantilever beam. The SAW devices are mounted such that one device is in compression and the other in tension. The cantilever arrangement magnifies the deformation of the SAW sensors by many orders of magnitude relative to the membrane. The SAW devices are attached to oscillator circuits and the change in frequency of the SAW oscillators due to the deformation can be accurately measured. The dual arrangement compensates changes in temperatures, electrical, and mechanical noise and other changes and the difference in frequency measured by a mixer is directly related to the shear stress on the structure. Experiments conducted in a wind tunnel are described. [Work supported by ONR.]