ASA 128th Meeting - Austin, Texas - 1994 Nov 28 .. Dec 02

1pUW7. Influence of statistical surface models on dynamic scattering of high-frequency signals from the ocean surface.

Christian Bjerrum-Niese

Leif Bjorno

Dept. of Indust. Acoust. Tech., Univ. of Denmark, Bldg. 425, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark

Temporal variations of scattering of high-frequency, monochromatic signals from the ocean surface has been studied numerically. In the high-frequency domain the dynamic scattering can be modeled by a coherence function of the scattered pressure field, which is based on the Kirchhoff integral; the surface roughness is described by a spatial surface spectrum and the surface motion is described by the gravity-wave dispersion relation [D. Dowling and D. Jackson, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93, 3149--3157 (1993)]. Applying some modifications to this approach, the temporal coherence function is found by numerical evaluation of a double integral. The time-varying scattering can be examined in the frequency domain by the power spectrum (the Fourier transform of the coherence function). It is examined how a monochromatic signal is shifted and smeared in the frequency domain by comparing computations for the Pierson--Moskowitz spectrum (for a fully developed sea) with computations for the JONSWAP spectrum (for fetch-limited seas). The following results, among other issues, have been obtained: As the fetch decreases, the surface waves become shorter, leading to increasing frequency shifting of the scattered signal. [Work sponsored by the Danish Technical Research Council and the EU/MAST programme.]