ASA 128th Meeting - Austin, Texas - 1994 Nov 28 .. Dec 02

2pSA3. Sensor location considerations for active noise control in enclosures.

John W. Parkins

Scott D. Sommerfeldt

Appl. Res. Lab. and Graduate Program in Acoustics, Penn State Univ., P.O. Box 30, State College, PA 16804

Minimizing the squared pressure at a discrete point(s) is one method of achieving global control in an enclosure, but this strategy will fail when the error sensor(s) lie close to nodal planes of the pressure field. In this case, the secondary modes dominate the pressure measurement, and the active control will create a minimum with little consideration given to the dominant mode. Subsequently, primary mode amplification may result, and the total potential energy in the enclosure will increase. A control based on energy density, on the other hand, can generally sense the dominant mode when the error sensor is close to a pressure field nodal plane, due to its dependence on velocity as well as pressure. Nodal patterns of the energy density field consist of nodal lines and nodal points that lie on the pressure field nodal planes. At these locations, energy density measurements will also be dominated by the secondary modes, and may cause primary mode amplification. Computational results of pressure and energy density fields will be presented which provide insight to optimal error sensor placement for the two aforementioned control methods.