ASA 128th Meeting - Austin, Texas - 1994 Nov 28 .. Dec 02

5pSP7. Allophonic variation in spoken and sung speech.

Ray Daniloff

Kathy Wolf

George Larsen

Dept. of Speech and Hear. Sci., Univ. of North Texas, P.O. Box 5008, Denton, TX 76203-0008

Lee Evans

Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-0008

Research suggests that sung and spoken speech differ systematically in terms of laryngeal, intonational, rhythmic, and articulatory performance. In the present study we examined control of pronunciation rules [Ladefoged, A Course in Phonetics (HBJ, 1993)] in singers. Three doctoral students of vocal performance sang and then spoke a set of sentences. Simple melodies were composed to fit the rhythmic figure of each sentence. The sentences contained five examples of each of 24 pronunciation rules of English. Recordings were transcribed, rhythm and stress patterns noted, and acoustic analysis was performed (GW Soundscope) to ascertain the degree to which each pronunciation rule was/was not implemented in sung versus spoken production. Results indicate that singing induces both systematic and nonsystematic changes in pronunciation across singers which can be related to the more stereotyped production strategies associated with singing.