ASA 127th Meeting M.I.T. 1994 June 6-10

2pSP31. Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels.

James Hillenbrand

Laura A. Getty

Kimberlee Wheeler

Michael J. Clark

Speech Pathol. and Audiol., Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo, MI 49008

This study was designed as a replication and extension of the classic study of vowel acoustics by Peterson and Barney (PB) [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 24, 175--184 (1952)]. Recordings were made of 50 men, 50 women, and 50 children producing the vowels /i, (small capital eye), |oh, (ae ligature), (hooked backward eh), (inverted vee), a, (open oh), (small capital you), u/ in h--V--d syllables. Formant contours for F1--F4 were measured from LPC spectra using a custom interactive editing tool. For comparison with the PB data, formant patterns were sampled at a time that was judged by visual inspection to be maximally steady. Preliminary analysis shows numerous differences between the present data and those of PB, both in terms of average formant frequencies for vowels, and the degree of overlap among adjacent vowels. As with the original study, listening tests showed that the signals were nearly always identified as the vowel intended by the talker.