Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC
A ray travel time inversion scheme is reported, not only for localizing the source but also for determining the array position and environmental parameters such as sound-speed profiles (in both water column and sediment), bathymetry, etc. The approach consists of the following four steps: (1) Sort out some ray arrivals and determine their arrival directions and times from the observed data; (2) backpropagate these rays in a nominal model to their source region; (3) compute the travel times of the corresponding eigenrays; (4) compare the simulated results with observed data and determine the new model. Some iterations of these steps may be required. Some key advantages of this approach are (1) most of the unknowns can be searched sequentially because rays characterize only local properties of the environment; (2) source localization ambiguity is minimized by utilizing ray travel times as well as path convergence; (3) ray tracing is a very efficient propagator in range-dependent environments; (4) the approach does not require full-wave matched field processing and the required knowledge about the environment is minimized; (5) ray chaos can be avoided simply by excluding chaotic rays. [Work supported by ONR and NRL.] [sup a)]On sabbatical leave from Polytech. Univ., Route 110, Farmingdale, NY 11735.