ASA 127th Meeting M.I.T. 1994 June 6-10

5aPP10. The effect of compression ratio on speech intelligibility and quality.

Selda Fikret-Pasa

Department of Psychol., Faculty of Arts and Sci., Middle East Technical Univ., Inonu Bulvari, 06531 Ankara, Turkey

The present investigation examined the effect of different compression ratios (compression ratios of 2:1, 3:1, 8:1 and wide-dynamic-range compression) on speech intelligibility and quality in compression-limiting systems. Speech intelligibility and quality were evaluated for sentences in four-talker babble. Sentences were presented at a signal-to-noise ratio of 7.5 dB at six different input levels, and at two of these levels (80 and 100 dB SPL) four different signal-to-noise ratios. Speech intelligibility was evaluated in terms of percent correct words and the quality of the conditions was rated on a scale of 0 to 100%. Across subjects, across input levels, and across signal-to-noise ratios, different compression ratios did not differ in terms of speech intelligibility and quality. Individual subject analysis revealed that for three of the subjects 8:1 compression ratio conditions gave the best speech intelligibility and quality results. One of the subjects achieved his best speech intelligibility performance with the wide-dynamic-range compression condition. For four of the subjects, different compression ratios did not effect speech intelligibility and quality differently. Overall, results indicated that there were considerable variations in performance with different compression ratios among individuals with similar hearing sensitivity. [Work partly supported by Northwestern Univ. Doctoral Student Research Grant.]