ASA 129th Meeting - Washington, DC - 1995 May 30 .. Jun 06

1aAO14. Travel time effects of mesoscale structure on rays and waves at global ranges.

F. D. Tappert

Xin Tang

Appl. Marine Phys., Univ. Miami, RSMAS, 4600 Rickenbacker Cswy., Miami, FL 33149

A range-dependent ray trace model and a broadband PE model are used to model sound propagation at fixed bearing through a field of mesoscale baroclinic modes in order to study the effects of mesoscale structure on travel time at long ranges. The ray model exhibits chaos at ranges beyond a few Mm as manifested by an exponentially increasing number of eigenrays and triplications, especially in the late-time near-axial arrivals. In addition, the ray model predicts a mesoscale travel time bias, in the direction of later time, of the last axial arrival amounting to about 100--200 ms/Mm. At center frequency 75 Hz and bandwidth 50 Hz, the full-wave PE model qualitatively confirms the ray trace predictions of chaos, and shows that the later near-axial arrivals are smeared out into a continuum of unresolvable multipaths characterized by saturated (Gaussian) statistics at ranges of a few Mm, and also quantitatively confirms the mesoscale bias of 100--200 ms/Mm of the last axial arrival. The steeper, early raylike arrivals are relatively stable in the presence of mesoscale structure and may be useful for long-range tomography. [Work supported by ONR.]