ASA 129th Meeting - Washington, DC - 1995 May 30 .. Jun 06

2pAO8. Recent developments in the in-situ measurement of sediment geoacoustic properties.

Michael D. Richardson

Naval Res. Lab., SSC, MS 39529-5004

Sean R. Griffin

Omni Technol., Inc., Metairie, LA 70001

The latest version of the in-situ sediment acoustic measurement system (ISSAMS) allows direct, in-situ measurement of sediment geoacoustic properties. Geoacoustic probes, which are mounted on a rigid frame, are inserted into the sediment hydraulically. The entire operation is controlled and monitored in real-time from the surface. Data is collected and processed by a wet-side computer and transmitted to the surface for waveform display and analysis. Video cameras both monitor insertion of probes and provide preliminary indication of sediment type. A seabird CTD is used to measure bottom water temperature, salinity, and sound speed. Sediment compressional wave velocity and attenuation are measured over pathlengths of 40 to 110 cm and at depths of between 0 to 50 cm below the sediment--water interface. Pulsed sine waves are transmitted at 58-kHz and time delays and voltages are used to determine values of velocity and attenuation between identical radial-poled ceramic cylinders (two transmit and two receive). Shear wave velocity and attenuation are measured using a similar pulse technique. Bimorph bender elements mounted in flexible silicone rubber mounts and driven at 100 to 2000 Hz to generate shear waves. Values of sediment geoacoustic properties from muddy sediments of Eckernforde Bay, Baltic Sea and carbonate sediments of the Florida Keys presented used to illustrate the operation and utility of the new system.