3pAA3. An acoustical design criterion for balcony configuration in auditoria. I. Acoustical characteristics measured under the balcony and the effects on auditory envelopment.

Session: Wednesday Afternoon, December 4

Time: 2:30

Author: Kazutoshi Fujimoto
Location: Dept. of Architecture, Faculty of Eng., Kyushu Univ., 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-81 Japan
Author: Hiroshi Furuya
Location: Kyushu Kyoritsu Univ., 1-8 Jiyugaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, 807 Japan


The object of this study is to make clear the relation between the shape of balcony and acoustical properties under the overhang, and to derive a design criterion for balcony configuration in auditoria. On the assumption that a physical change of the sound field caused by building a balcony would be primarily a reduction of the energy of early reflections from upside, directional characteristics of early reflections were measured in auditoria both with and without a balcony, and the subjective effect of reflections arriving from upside on auditory envelopment was psycho-acoustically examined. First, the results of measurement showed that the ratio of the vertical component to total early reflection energy ER[inf V] was very small under the overhang. That is a peculiarity of the sound field under the balcony. Next, the results of a series of psychoacoustical experiments showed that auditory envelopment became weaker as ER[inf V] decreased when lateral energy fraction was constant. They suggested that the lack of early reflections from the ceiling above the main orchestra causes the peculiarity of directional distribution of early reflections, and consequently disturbs auditory envelopment under the balcony.

ASA 132nd meeting - Hawaii, December 1996