2pMUb9. Design and measurements of variably nonuniform acoustic resonators.

Session: Tuesday Afternoon, May 14

Time: 4:10

Author: Bruce Denardo
Author: Miguel Bernard
Location: Dept. of Phys. and Astronomy, and Natl. Ctr. for Physical Acoust., Univ. of Mississippi, University, MS 38677


The design, construction, and acoustical measurements of resonators with nonuniform cross-sectional areas that are easily altered to yield different resonance frequencies are described. These resonators are useful as educational demonstrations of symmetry breaking and of an effect of nonuniformity upon standing waves, and have been previously demonstrated and explained [B. Denardo, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 2935(A) (1994), and B. Denardo and S. Alkov, Am. J. Phys. 62, 315--321 (1994)]. Resonators that yield two, three, and four pitches are considered, where the relative frequencies are designed to correspond to musical intervals. Agreement is within 2% in all cases and 1% for most. The data reveal a breakdown of the theory, which is shown to be a result of additional kinetic energy, and thus effective inertia, near a discontinuity in cross-sectional area. The data also reveal that an appropriate end correction for this case is not that for a thin-walled tube but, rather, an infinite flange.

from ASA 131st Meeting, Indianapolis, May 1996