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KANSEI Workshop, Genova

KANSEI - The Technology of Emotion
AIMI International Workshop


Genova, 3-4 October 1997
Auditorium Montale
Teatro dell'Opera di Genova "Carlo Felice"

Organized by
- AIMI - Associazione di Informatica Musicale Italiana
- Laboratory of Musical Informatics at DIST - University of Genova
- Teatro Comunale dell'Opera Carlo Felice, Genova

With the contribute and patrocine of
- DIST - Dept. of Computer, Communication and System Sciences, University of
- Imparagiocando
- Comune di Genova, Assessorato alle Politiche Giovanili
- IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Computer Generated Music

The term "Kansei" refers in the Japanese culture to emotion in the sense of
 acquired sensibility towards art and
music as a whole. The modeling of a system reflecting "emotional states" in
 computer artifacts
is an emerging issue faced by a growing number of researchers.
It is expected that it will produce a significant influence in a number of
 disciplines and applications like
computer music, games and entertainment, multimodal interfaces in multimedia
 systems, etc.
Research on "technology of emotion" is crucial in music. On the one hand, music
 is an ideal domain for
experimenting and testing computer implementation of cognitive and AI models of
On the other hand, such models may contribute to a better understanding  of
 music tasks and to improve
models of music cognition and perception.
Moreover, "emotion technology" is relevant in interactive environments, which
 deal with the problem of
extending music languages by action, body gesture, dance, visual media,
 effectors on stage (e.g., robots
interacting with performers). In such environments, the stage is populated by
 agents observing the performers
and dancers, communicating by means of music, visual media, on-stage
 semi-autonomous navigation of small
robotic actors. Such agents may embed both a rational and an emotional
 component, a concept of intelligence
consistent with the term "Kansei".
The scenario can be viewed as an evolution of "live electronics", where the
 director of the performance
delegates the control on some "potentiometers" to the human or machine agents on
Models of emotion can intervene in modeling such control and communication
 mechanisms, as well as the
behaviour of the agents.

The Workshop aims at presenting the state-of-the-art research and discussing
 future directions.

Main topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
- emotional communication in new instruments and interfaces
- adaptive hyper-instruments
- modeling of emotion, sensibility and sensual intelligence
- understanding musical emotions
- agent models integrating rational and emotional components
- relations between music and gesture languages
- on-stage real-time multimodal environments
- interactive dance/music systems: dance interpretation and integration with
 music languages
- adaptive listening
- modeling expressive performance

Structure of the workshop

The workshop includes scientific sessions (presentations of research activities,
 systems, videos and live demos).
A demonstration/concert in the evening of October 3 will present a number of
 short Studios demonstrating
some aspects and problems on Kansei. The goal is to present examples on the
 various problems of extending
music languages in the directions previously outlined. In this event, the
 systems developed at the Laboratorio di
Informatica Musicale DIST in the framework of the three-year Project MIAMI
 (Multimodal Interaction for
Advanced Multimedia Interfaces) funded by the Commission of
the European Community will be utilised.  See the web site
 http://musart.dist.unige.it for more details.

A number of authors selected by the committee will be asked to submit a revised
 version of their paper for a
special issue of the JOURNAL OF NEW MUSIC RESEARCH (formerly INTERFACE).

The following 25 contributes have been accepted by the Scientific Committee:

Emotion - Is it measurable ?
Shlomo Dubnov (dubnov@ircam.fr)
IRCAM, 1 Place Igor Stravinsky, Paris 75004, France.

Emergent Meaning in Interactive Music Systems
Jonathan Impett (jfi21@cam.ac.uk)
University of Cambridge, Faculty of Music, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DP, UK.

Understanding Musical Emotions
Mladen Milicevic (MMladen@SC.edu)
The University of South Carolina, 6543 Haley Drive, Columbia, SC 29206, USA

A Computer System for the Automatic Detection of Perceptual Onsets in a Musical
Dirk Moelants (Dirk.Moelants@rug.ac.be) IPEM, University of Ghent, Blandijnberg
 2, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
Christian Rampazzo, DEI-University of Padova, Via Gradenigo, 6/a, I-35100,
 Padova, Italy

Music Composition, Improvisation, and Performance Through Body Movements
Roberto Morales-Manzanares (roberto@kaliman.cimat.mx)
Laboratorio de Informatica Musical, Universidad de Guanajuato,
Centro de Investigaciones en Matematicas, Paseo de la Presa 152, Guanajuato,

Empty-handed gesture analysis in Max/FTS
Axel Mulder (mulder@mic.atr.co.jp) and Sid Fels
ATR Media Integration and Communications labs
Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto, 619-02 Japan

WOLFGANG: ``Emotions'' and Architecture which Bias Musical Design
Doug Riecken (wolf@research.bell-labs.com)
Bell Labs Research - Lucent Technologies

Instrumental Gestural Mapping Strategies as Expressivity Determinants in
 Computer Music Performance
Joseph Rovan, Marcelo Wanderley and Shlomo Dubnov
Analysis/Synthesis Team, IRCAM, Paris 75004, France

Interactive Poem
Naoko Tosa and Dr. Ryohei Nakatsu ({tosa,nakatsu}@mic.atr.co.jp)
ATR Media Integration & Communications Research Laboratories

Analysis and Model of Expressive Intentions in Pianistic Performances
Giovanni Umberto Battel, Conservatorio B. Marcello di Venezia
Riccardo Fimbianti CSC-DEI, Universita' di Padova (rf@csc.unipd.it)

How are the players ideas perceived by listeners: analysis of "how high the
Sergio Canazza (canazza@dei.unipd.it) Nicola Orio (orio@dei.unipd.it)
CSC - DEI, Universita' di Padova

Performance with Refractions:
Understanding Musical Gestures for Interactive Live Performance
Carlo De Pirro, Conservatorio di Rovigo (cdp@csc.unipd.it)
Nicola Orio, CSC - DEI, Universita' di Padova (orio@dei.unipd.it)

Musical Structure and Expressive Intentions as Sources of Deviations in Violin
Performance: A Sonological Analysis
Giovanni De Poli, Antonio Roda` and Alvise Vidolin (vidolin@dei.unipd.it)
CSC-DEI, University of Padova, Via Gradenigo 6a, 35131 Padova Italy

Modeling of Emotional Sound Space Using Neural Networks
Kenji Suzuki (kenji@shalab.phys.waseda.ac.jp) and Shuji Hashimoto
Dept.of Applied Physics, Waseda University

A Computational Model of Artificial Emotions
Antonio Camurri (music@dist.unige.it) and Pasqualino Ferrentino
Laboratorio di Informatica Musicale, DIST - University of Genova

Expressive Control by Fuzzy Logic of a Physical Model Clarinet in CSound
Piergiorgio Sartor, Elio Parisi (red@inca.dei.unipd.it)
CSC-DEI, University of Padova. Italy.

Physiological and psychological effect of high frequency components above the
audible range --- An approach to Kansei Information Processing
Tsutomu Oohashi*, Emi Nishina** (nishina@nime.ac.jp), Norie Kawai+, Yoshitaka
Fuwamoto+, Reiko Yagi+ and Masako Morimoto++
*  Professor, Chiba Institute of Technology. ATR Human Information Processing
** Associate Professor, National Institute of Multimedia Education
+  Senior Researcher, Foundation for Advancement of International Sciences
++ Dr. course of the Graduate School, The University of Tokyo

Alpha-EEG indicated KANSEI evaluation on visual image granularity of textures
Tadao Maekawa (ATR Media Integration & Communications Research Labs.)
Ryohei Nakatsu (ATR Media Integration & Communications Research Labs.)
Emi Nishina (National Institute of Multimedia Education)
Yoshitaka Fuwamoto (Foundation for Advancement of International Science)
Tsutomu Ooashi (ATR Human Information Processing Research Labs.)

Automatic Musical Punctuation: A Rule System, and a Neural Network Approach
Anders Friberg and Roberto Bresin (andersf@speech.kth.se, roberto@speech.kth.se)
Royal Institute of Technology - Speech, Music and Hearing, S-100 44 Stockholm,

A Multimedia Environment for Interactive Music Performance
Roberto Bresin and Anders Friberg (roberto@speech.kth.se, andersf@speech.kth.se)
Royal Institute of Technology- Speech, Music and Hearing, S-100 44 Stockholm,

Interactivity vs. control: Human-Machine Performance basis of emotion
Insook Choi (ichoi@NCSA.UIUC.EDU)
HCII, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Automated Subject
Robin Bargar (rbargar@pop.ncsa.uiuc.edu)
National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at

Generating expressive musical performances with SaxEx
Josep Lluis Arcos (arcos@iiia.csic.es), Ramon Lopez de Mantaras, Xavier Serra
IIIA - Spanish Scientific Research Council

Emotional Aspects of Gesture Recognition by a Neural Network, using dedicated
 Input Devices
Paul Modler (modler@sim.spk-berlin) and Ioannis Zannos
Staatliches Institut fuer Musikforschung, Berlin, Tiergartenstr. 1

Scientific Committee
Robin Bargar, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, USA
Antonio Camurri, DIST-University of Genova
Insook Choi, Human-Computer Intelligent Interaction Lab., Beckmann Institute,
Giovanni De Poli, CSC-DEI-University of Padova
Shuji Hashimoto, Waseda University, Tokyo
Marc Leman, IPEM-University of Gent
Doug Riecken, Bell Laboratories Research
Alvise Vidolin, Conservatory of Venezia
Ioannis Zannos, Staatliches Institut fur Musikforschung, Berlin

Organizing Committee
Staff of the Laboratory of Musical informatics at DIST - University of Genova.

The book of proceedings and free entracne to the concert will be available to
 registered participants.
Registration consists of a small contribution to AIMI (100.000Lit, about 60US$),
 paid directly at the
registration desk.

A number of beds at special prices (only 22,000Lit encl. breakfast) has been
 reserved to Workshop perticipants
at Ostello della Gioventu`. Please specify "Workshop Technolgy of Emotion" in
 contacting them: Ostello della
Gioventu`, Via Costanzi 120, Genova, Tel/Fax +39-10-2422457, e-mail:

Here follows a list of three star hotels in a walking distance to the workshop
 site, in the historical centre of

- Hotel Metropoli (Best Western)
Piazza Fontane Marose, 16123 Genova, Tel. +39-10-284141, Fax 281816

- Viale Sauli Hotel,
Viale Sauli 5, 16121 Genova, Tel. +39-10-561397, Fax 590092

Near train station (15-20min walking distance):
- Hotel Alexander
Via Bersaglieri d'Italia 19, Tel. +39-10-261371, Fax: 265257

Four star hotels:
- Hotel Bristol Palace (walking distance from the Workshop site)
Via XX Settembre 35, Tel. +39-10-585716/592541

- City Hotel (walking distance)
 Via S.Sebastiano, 6 Tel +39-10-55451

- Hotel Britannia (near train station)
Via Balbi 38, Tel. +39-10-26991, Fax 2462942

For any question and further information please contact:
Antonio Camurri, DIST - University of Genova, Viale Causa 13, I-16145 Genova
 ITALY, Tel. +39-10-
3532988, fax +39-10-3532948, e-mail: music@dist.unige.it