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Re: Interpreting a negative d'
There is one other interpretation, which is not related to bias at all.
Rather, it is possible that the individual has indeed discriminated the
stimuli and is purposefully choosing the incorrect response. One can
only speculate about why someone would do this...it could be a sign of
malingering, psychosis, passive agression, or just plain orneriness!
Robert J. Zatorre, Ph.D.
Montreal Neurological Institute
3801 University St.
Montreal, QC Canada H3A 2B4
web site: www.zlab.mcgill.ca
Pierre Divenyi wrote:
I remember that some 30-odd years ago I presented data at an Acoustical
Society meeting in which I showed upside-down responses in a 2IFC task
in form of negative d'. And I have never forgotten David Green's (very
kindly expressed) comment: d' always measures discriminability which is
a distance and which, by definition, can never be negative. Therefore,
every instance of a d' < 0 can only be assigned to the observer's bias.
So the question is not how to interpret a negative d' but how to
interpret the bias.
At 11:04 AM 3/12/2009, Landsberger, David wrote:
I have conducted an experiment where I have obtained for one subject
condition a negative d' which I cannot explain. I was hoping that someone
here might be able to offer me some insight.
The experiment is a 3 interval forced choice task where a sound is
in each of the three intervals. In two of the intervals, the sounds are
identical. In the third interval, the sound is different. (Obviously the
order of stimuli is randomized.) The patient's task is simply to tell me
which of the three sounds is different.
In a 2IFC task, a negative d' might indicate that the subject has
misunderstood the task. For example, if two sounds were played and the
subject were asked to pick the sound that was higher pitched, a
would mean that the subject reliably picked the lower pitched sound as
having a higher pitched.
However, for a negative d' in a 3IFC task where two stimuli are the same,
the subject would have to reliably not pick the different one as being
different. What would that suggest about their perception? I don't think
its a misunderstanding of the task as the same subject was able to
fine in the same task using a different set of stimuli.
Any advice would be greatly appreciated.