Thank you for your protest. The role of the round window is interesting: during a sine-tone of 10 kHz, say, the local wave number of the travelling surface wave at the base of the human cochlea is ~0.8 mm^-1; local wavelength = 2pi/k = 8 mm. Width of basilar membrane (BM): w = 0.1 mm; radius of roughly half-circular strong-liquid-motion regions just above and just below BM: r = 0.2 mm. At the round window, there is no liquid motion and no liquid sound pressure. During a sine-tone of lower frequency, 0.5 kHz, say, a (slow) travelling surface wave would require liquid motion and liquid sound pressure in the whole near-base cochlear-channel cross-section, also at the round window. Because of the softness of that window, however, a significant liquid sound pressure on its inside cannot be built up, so at low frequency, there is indeed no significant slow travelling surface wave at the base of the mammalian cochlea, if the round window is not blocked. This can be confirmed, e.g., via Recio and Rhode (2000), "Basilar membrane responses to broad-band stimuli", JASA 108, 2281-2298.
Datum: 02.06.2010 12:46
Betreff: Re: mechanical cochlear model