Re: rock music (Leigh Smith )

Subject: Re: rock music
From:    Leigh Smith  <leigh(at)>
Date:    Wed, 3 Jun 1998 18:08:53 +0800

The tendency to play ahead of the beat in jazz usually confines itself to the drummer, a bassist will often be playing behind the beat, as Keil and Progler have termed "participatory discrepancies". More generally, the effect can be termed expressive timing, and when used to create an accent, agogic accentuation. This appears in just about any performed music, popular or otherwise, intended or not. The problem with psychosocial studies of popular music and social behaviour is similar to the issues I encountered working in Road accident research - one of exposure. Young people figure highly in road accidents typically at night due to a higher proportion of them driving at that time (at least in Australia where it is very common for young people to own a car), but it is difficult to determine the overrepresentation of the age groups. Likewise, the social setting rock music is typically presented in (clubs with alcohol) is a pretty conducive environment to 1) meet people 2) get drunk 3) dance 4) get laid or get in a fight... Of course the fact that it is nigh on impossible to actually talk or hear people in the club also helps that process... (at)InProceedings{ashley:jazz_ballad, author = "Richard Ashley", title = "Aspects of Expressive Timing in Jazz Ballad Performance", pages = "485--90", booktitle = "Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition", year = 1996, organization = "Faculty of Music, McGill University", address = "Montreal, Quebec" } (at)Article{progler:swing, author = {Joseph A. Pr\"{o}gler}, title = "Searching for Swing: Participatory Discrepencies in the Jazz Rhythm Section", journal = "Ethnomusicology", year = 1995, volume = 39, number = 1, pages = "21--54" } (at)Article{keil:motion, author = "Charles Keil", title = "Motion and Feeling Through Music", journal = "The Journal Of Aesthetics And Art Criticism", year = 1966, volume = 24, number = 3, pages = "337--49" } Off the top of my head, see also Neil's work and Bruno Repp's and Eric Clarke's. --- Leigh Computer Music Lab, Computer Science Dept, Smith University of Western Australia +61-8-9380-2279 leigh(at) (NeXTMail/MIME) C++ is to C, as Lung Cancer is to Lung - John C. Randolph McGill is running a new version of LISTSERV (1.8c on Windows NT). Information is available on the WEB at

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