Re: Gibson (Christian Kaernbach )

Subject: Re: Gibson
From:    Christian Kaernbach  <chris(at)PSYCHOLOGIE.UNI-LEIPZIG.DE>
Date:    Tue, 6 Mar 2001 09:59:24 +0100

Dear Peter, > So behavoural flexibility is still built on the assumption that > the world will make sense (or can be made sense of). > This in turn rests on an innate assumption that patterns > represent 'potential information'. Let me add a specification. If somebody is going to sell you a book, telling you it contains lots of information, you would as a matter of course ask: "About what?" Information requires compulsorily the specification "about xxx". IT DOES AS WELL COMPULSORILY REQUIRE THE SPECIFICATION "TO YYY". You wouldn't ask, because it would be clear that the seller meant "to you". So let me add to your above sentence 'about my environment, TO ME'. > What are we to call this potential information? is the word > 'pattern' appropriate? If information is entirely epiphenomenal, > does this account for the similarities AND the differences in > correspondence with said patterns? I think it is not justified to call information an epiphenomenon. "Epi" is Greek and means "aside, incidental". My German dictionary specifies epiphenomena as inconsiderable, meaningless. It would not make sense to say that information (or meaning) is meaningless. "Epi" could as well mean "above" (but probably purely locally). In the common understanding of Greek prefixes it would be fine to use "meta" (between, _beyond_) to express a later stage. Information as metaphenomenon? I would agree. I don't think there are a lot of similarities between patterns and information. It is hard (probably impossible) to compare a phenomenon and the corresponding metaphenomenon. Silly example: I can compare an apple and a pear, but not an apple and a fruit. And there need not be any "similarity" between our internal "representation" (if any) of the world and the outside world (if any :-). The only requirement is that it makes us act favorable with regard to our survival. > In other words, to say that the similarities between the 'external > patterns' and the 'internal' information is entirely due to a close > matching between patterns and information, such that the percipient > has perceived something close to 'objective reality', I don't think this is what happens. Again, I doubt the similarity. Ha, once more I can offer a German citation: Heinrich Hertz, a physicist!, in his book "Die Prinzipien der Mechanik" (1893): Wir machen uns innere Scheinbilder oder Symbole der aeusseren Gegenstaende, und zwar machen wir sie von solcher Art, dass die denknotwendigen Folgen der Bilder stets wieder die Bilder seien von den naturnotwendigen Folgen der abgebildeten Gegenstaende. Damit diese Forderung ueberhaupt erfuellbar sei, muessen gewisse Uebereinstimmungen vorhanden sein zwischen der Natur und unserem Geiste. Die Erfahrung lehrt uns, dass die Forderung erfuellbar ist und dass also solche Uebereinstimmungen in der Tat bestehen. ... Die Bilder ... haben mit den Dingen die eine wesentliche Uebereinstimmung, welche in der Erfuellung der genannten Forderung liegt, aber es ist fuer ihren Zweck nicht noetig, dass sie irgend eine weitere Uebereinstimmung mit den Dingen haben. In der Tat wissen wir nicht und haben auch kein Mittel zu erfahren, ob unsere Vorstellung von den Dingen mit jenen in irgend etwas anderem uebereinstimmen, als allein in eben jener einen fundamentalen Beziehung. Once more a filthy translation: ("The Principles of Mechanics", translated as early as 1899, but I have no volume here so I have to do it myself) We make up inner mock images or symbols of outer things, and this is done such that the sequel images as prescribed by our reasoning are always images of sequel states of the depicted things as prescribed by nature. For this requirement to be grantable there must exist certain analogies [CK: not similarities!] between nature and our mind. We know from experience that the requirement can be complied with, and that such analogies exist in fact. ... The only and essential analogy between images ... and objects is the above mentioned requirement. It is not necessary for their purpose that images should have any further analogy with objects. In fact we don't know and hove no means to get to know whether our imagination of the objects has any further analogy with them as alone this one essential relation. Let me add that I personally have no curiosity to learn whether there is any further analogy, because I don't think it makes sense to compare an apple and a fruit. > and to simultaneously say that differences are entirely due to > internal factors within the percipient ('subjective reality) Not entirely. Information is not inside the head. It is not outside. It is the interaction. Kind regards, Christian -- Dr. Christian Kaernbach Institut fuer Allgemeine Psychologie Universitaet Leipzig Seeburgstr. 14-20 Tel.: +49 341 97-35968 04 103 Leipzig Fax: +49 341 97-35969 Germany

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