Re: AUDITORY Digest - 7 Oct 2002 to 8 Oct 2002 (#2002-168) (Jont Allen )

Subject: Re: AUDITORY Digest - 7 Oct 2002 to 8 Oct 2002 (#2002-168)
From:    Jont Allen  <jba(at)>
Date:    Wed, 9 Oct 2002 09:13:23 -0400

Dear Auditory, I would like to make one very obvious point, only because I have not seen it explicitly stated. High frequency neurons phase lock just as well as low frequency neurons. It is just that neurons (regardless of place) do not phase lock to high frequency tones. Rather they phase lock to modulations. I am not saying that anyone is confused on this rather obvious point, I rather want to be sure there is no misunderstanding of the difference between place and frequency. Repeating myself: All neurons, up and down the BM, phase lock equally, to frequencies up to 4.5 kHz. I am sure there are better references than this, but here is a good place to start: author = {Allen, J. B.}, title = {Magnitude and phase-frequency response to single tones in the auditory nerve}, journal = JASA, volume = {73}, number = 6, pages = {2071-2092}, year = {1983} Jont > >Date: Tue, 8 Oct 2002 08:59:13 +0200 >From: Eckard Blumschein <Eckard.Blumschein(at)E-TECHNIK.UNI-MAGDEBURG.DE> >Subject: Re: pitch neurons > >At 11:29 07.10.2002 -0400, Allen G Lindgren wrote: > >>Eckard >>Can you elaborate on "Merely below about 1kHz, >> >>>synchrony can be very high.". >>> > >Yes I can: >I wrote: > >>>On average, ten auditory nerve fibers cooperate statistically with just >>>one inner hair cell. Each fiber is bound to refractory time. So roughly >>>speaking, all ten together cannot continuously phase lock with intervals >>>smaller than a tenth of refractory time. Merely below about 1kHz, >>>synchrony can be very high. >>>This limitation due to statistic time sharing does, however, not exist >>>immediately after nearly all fibers reached a state of readiness for >>>firing. >>>Given frequency of modulation or rate of clicks is low enough for that, >>>then the stationary upper frequency limitation is much less relevant >>>for the whole temporal structure, including interaural envelope delay >>>(IED), during a split millisecond of adaptation. >>> > >I refer to Eric D. Young who wrote chapter 4 of 'Synaptical Organization >of the Brain'. Fig. 4.11 shows synchrony in the ANF not much deviating >from the value 0.8 up to 1 kHz but then increasingly dropping and >reaching zero at 4.5 kHz. Merely synchrony of so called primarylike VCN >neurons can approach the value one. >We realize these limitations like the optimal ones if we understand how >the random cooperation of the ten fibers works. Albert Einstein said: >'God does not play dice'. With respect to causality he was probably correct. >However, we have to learn that stochastic cooperation of neurons must not >be ignored. >Forget the illusion that Gammatone filters adequately describe what happens. > > > -- Jont B. Allen, jba(at); 908/654-1274voice; 908/789-9575 fax 382 Forest Hill Way Mountainside NJ 07092 ``A paradox is simply an error out of control'' --E.T. Jaynes, Chapter 15 of

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