Re: Phoneme versus word recognition. (Martin Braun )

Subject: Re: Phoneme versus word recognition.
From:    Martin Braun  <nombraun(at)TELIA.COM>
Date:    Mon, 17 Feb 2003 12:33:24 +0100

Al Bregman wrote: > A graduate student at McGill has done some research with narrow band noises > of ambiguous pitch, showing that people are good at identifying melodies > made of these types of notes, even though they are poor at matching the > pitch of the individual notes. ........... > Does anyone know of other examples of the > superiority of recognizing a larger unit, even though there is a lot of > uncertainty about the component units? Are there examples in music? A good example of the "superiority" of "larger units" due to topdown signaling is the process of f0 extraction in the auditory midbrain (central nucleus of the inferior colliculus, ICC). Musical imagination, as apparently present in the student's experiments, activates auditory units as low as the ICC (Zatorre et al., 1994, 1996). Here, combination sensitive neurons (Yan and Suga, 1999) and f0-coding neurons (Galbraith and Doan, 1995; Galbraith et al., 1998) are under a stronger topdown influence than neurons coding for simple spectral information. The available evidence on this issue has been reviewed and discussed in Braun (2000), chapter 6.5. "Corticofugal facilitation of f0 extraction". Zatorre, R.J., Evans, A.C., Meyer, E., 1994. Neural mechanisms underlying melodic perception and memory for pitch. J. Neurosci. 14, 1908-1919. Zatorre, R.J., Halpern, A.R., Perry, D.W., Meyer, E., Evans, A.C., 1996. Hearing in the mind's ear: A PET investigation of musical imagery and perception. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 8, 29-46. Yan, J., Suga, N., 1999. Corticofugal amplification of facilitative auditory responses of subcortical combination-sensitive neurons in the mustached bat. J. Neurophysiol. 81, 817-824. Galbraith, G.C., Doan, B.Q., 1995. Brainstem frequency-following and behavioral responses during selective attention to pure tone and missing fundamental stimuli. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 19, 203-214. Galbraith, G.C., Bhuta, S.M., Choate, A.K., Kitahara, J.M., Mullen, T.A., 1998. Brain stem frequency-following responses to dichotic vowels during attention. Neuroreport 9, 1889-1893. Braun, M., 2000. Inferior colliculus as candidate for pitch extraction: multiple support from statistics of bilateral spontaneous otoacoustic emissions. Hear. Res. 145, 130-140. Martin ------------------------------------------- Martin Braun Neuroscience of Music S-671 95 Klassbol Sweden e-mail: nombraun(at) web site:

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