Re: Pitch evoked by spectral regularity (inharmonic components) (Harvey Holmes )

Subject: Re: Pitch evoked by spectral regularity (inharmonic components)
From:    Harvey Holmes  <H.Holmes(at)UNSW.EDU.AU>
Date:    Thu, 20 Feb 2003 05:11:23 +1000

--=======7C8D4B91======= Content-Type: text/plain; x-avg-checked=avg-ok-8CD2C4B; charset=us-ascii; format=flowed Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit Chen-Gia, I believe that your observations may be well explained by Terhardt's virtual pitch theory, which is explained at (go to the Virtual Pitch link). Many related pitch references are also given on this site, including definitions of several different pitch concepts. Very much simplified, this theory looks for submultiples of the partial frequencies that are grouped close to each other (i.e. that could be considered as an approximate fundamental frequency F0 of the observed partials). This process results in a list of candidates for F0, and the correct one is then chosen according to criteria given by Terhardt. You will have to go to some of his original references to get the details. Harvey Holmes H.Holmes(at) __________________ You wrote: Hello everyone, My study of the timbre of the Chinese flute leads me to find a strange effect of pitch sensation. I wonder if this effect can be explained by any model of pitch extraction. In my experiment, all complex tones contain five components with frequencies {e, e+d, e+2d, e+3d, e+4d}. Although these spectral components are generally inharmonic, some pitches can be heard. As expected, one pitch is the frequency difference between the adjacent components; d. It may be evoked by DPOAEs. Strangely enough, there is another pitch f. For instance, a complex tone consisting of frequencies {1344, 1344+500, 1344+1000, 1344+1500, 1344+2000} evokes a pitch f = 336 Hz. Similarly, I found {1680, 1680+500, 1680+1000, 1680+1500, 1680+2000} , f = 420 Hz {2016, 2016+500, 2016+1000, 2016+1500, 2016+2000} , f = 504 Hz {2285, 2285+500, 2285+1000, 2285+1500, 2285+2000} , f = 571.2 Hz These four tones can be heard in the file In this file I demonstrate the pitch sensation f by pitch matching. This kind of pitch sensation appears to be a function of the frequency of the lowest components e. I get an empirical equation f = e*0.25 for 300 Hz < d < 1000 Hz and certain range of e. I also synthesized files for d = 700 Hz and d = 300 Hz. The empirical equation seems to fail for d = 300 Hz (the last two tones). I cannot explain this unexpected pitch sensation and the empirical equation. There are some papers dealing with the effect of grouping by spectral regularity, but I have not found studies on the pitch evoked by spectral regularity. It would be wonderful to have some literature to refer to this strange effect of pitch sensation, or some other ideas. Many thanks for any help! All best, Chen-Gia Tsai gia(at) PhD Student (Musicology) --=======7C8D4B91=======--

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