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Re: Question regarding ISO 532 B and DIN 45 631
Dear Aron and list
As far as I know, the DIN standard has been revised in order to correct for some low frequency 'errors' (< 100Hz). Ask Hugo Fastl, Munich, about this. He was/is chairman of the DIN committee. The ISO standard has not been revised accordingly.
According to the definition, 1 sone is equal to 40 Phone (or dB SPL when we talk about 1000 Hz) and a 10 phone increase will double the sone value. This means that 70 dB SPL at 1000 Hz shall give 8 sone. The 7.4 sone result may reflect the loudness difference between a pure tone and a narrow band signal(?). Another explanation: The total loudness is proportional to the area under the curve and thus the extra steps will contribute marginally making 7.4 -> 8.0.
The three stair steps - at the low frequency side - must be based on measurements with actual filters and the stairs just reflects what's coming through the two neighbour filters (800Hz and 630Hz) - where 1000 Hz is way down at the skirts of the filters. In a calculation program (with ideal filters?) there should be no input to the lower filters.
If I specify 70 dB SPL at 1 kHz as input to (old) DOS programs I get the following (all free field):
DIN 45631 program: 6.94 sone, 68.0 phone
Calculation program for B&K 2231 Sound level meter: 6.95 sone, 68.0 phone
Loudness model by Brian Moore (not DIN/ISO): 8.95 sone, 71.4 phone
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