I believe the reference you are looking for is:
H. Fletcher and R. H. Galt, "The perception of speech and its
relation to telephony," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 22, 89-
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Wednesday, March 09, 2005 10:09
Subject: Latest First
The Latest Firsts! : NPR for
>All Things Considered, March 1, 2002
German composer and physicist Oskar Sala has died at the age of 91.
developed a device invented in 1929 called the trautonium, which was billed as
the first electronic musical instrument.
Many people know its sound from
its prominent part in the soundtrack to the Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds.
includes sound file
The concept of 'first electronic musical instruments' is as subject to
nationalist Chauvinisms as the varieties of the first "inventor of radio".
Note NPR's use of "first" together with past subjunctive, in the construction
"...which was billed as the first electronic..." Why? NPR is always practicing
whatever "consensus building" tricks a modern National Public Broadcaster
employs for the color-coded terrorism alarm we enjoy.
[[NPR today had a
full 40 minutes of brilliantly "on-point", articulate, businesslike, ånd manly
National-Security-prepped "callers" praising the NeoCon's latest
proposed rep to the UN... alternating, fairly and in lock step, with the
allegedly random and /fontfamily>sexually
segregated mush-mouths they use to represent the opposition- the "culture of
fear", the whiners. Who knew NeoCon idol Bush ever had such a strong unbroken
string of "unconventional diplomatic victories"?! Get used to it, I
Anyway, it may have been somebody's First, but not
[1929 puts the Trautonium maybe 60 years late to be any of the
"First electronic musical instruments" in use in the country of Edison and
Tesla. Actually, "Trautonium" must be the last e-istrument to be
[http://www.obsolete.com/120_years/ <"120 years of Electronic
Such a years-out-of-date instrument may explain
inexplicable warping in the anti-avian sound of the crazed
"Birds" in that
film. It wasn't at all just crapped-on, melting celluloid.
HERE IS A MORE politically redeeming NPR feature
- yet equally
offensive for audience-manipulating value
in its appeal to elites... and
the primitive appeal of cute robots.
In this case, 'Robbie the Robot', and
vintage 'outsider' muses :
"_First LAdy_ of Electronic Music" Bebe
Barron and her partner
[no big firsts there either; But,
what about gold-plated W. Carlos even? Not a lady I suppose?]
composed, entirely without screen credit, the 1956
Academy Award nominated
score to FORBIDDEN PLANET-
and a number of other important
These works include wonderful, highly original music
the compelling and joyous score to
CBS Radio Workshop's 1956,
Huxley-informed reading of BRAVE NEW WORLD,
a 1952 film
featuring Anais Nin, "Bells of Atlantis"; and
a year of tape work for John
Cage's fascinating 4-minutes-of-a-1950-that-never-was,
the "WILLIAMS MIX" -
as well as more unheard original work, rotting in storage.
Hollywood's union rules do not allow pioneer
to be credited -
or even acknowledged, much less cash in,
after they are gone.
Anais Nin reading in film clip; photo gallery;
<> Berkeley <> USSA
We all enter this world in the same way:
naked; screaming; soaked in blood.
But if you live your life right, that
kind of thing doesn't have to stop there. -Dana Gould
LeOSulllivan <> USSA
It’s time to move in for the
kill. -E. Nadelmann, Drug Policy Alliance, 3Feb 2005