# Re: Discontinuities in stimulus.

```Hello Ranjit,

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Consider the Fourier Transform of a signal consisting of a single sinusoid. Then the amplitude is say A and the phase is phi. Now delete a small section delta from the wave form at the peak of the sinusoid. Each of the FT integrals is reduced by the product of the time delta and the particular basis. Now repeat the same gedanken experiment but with the delta placed at the point when the signal sinusoid is near zero. It is then obvious that there will be differences in the FT and therefore what the ear hears. It should also be obvious now that if the signal frequency and the time at which the delta section is deleted are not commensurate the differences outlined above will continue to drift from the peak to the valley and thus generate "fluttering".
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The answer to the second part of your question is in general "it cannot be done". However if you know for example that the stimulus consists of a known number of harmonics of a known fundamental frequency or at least a known number of specified frequencies and their amplitudes and phases then the problem of the determination if "outages" exist is in theory solvable. Not necessarily easy
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Fred
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Ranjit Randhawa wrote:
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```Dear List,
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I have a rather simple question concerning the usual assumption made about the need for "continuity" of a stimulus. My interest arose when I started exploring the "fluttering" sound heard for some stimuli. A simple way to create a stimulus to study this phenomenon was to insert periodic "discontinuities" in a pure sinusoid of low frequency by simply deleting bits from this stimulus in a consistent manner. My next step was to try and create a model, which became problematic as the resultant sound heard was dependent both on the size of the deleted section and also on where the deletion was performed. Does anyone have an easy method for determining first, that a discontinuity in the stimulus has occurred and second and more importantly, where.
```Thanks in advance for any insights,
Randy Randhawa

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--
Fred Herzfeld, MIT '54
78 Glynn Marsh Drive #59
Brunswick, Ga.31525
USA
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